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Multilateral Environment Diplomacy
Cooperation with GGGI(Global Green Growth Institute)
The Korean government has led the establishment of the Global Green Growth Institute (GGGI) as part of its efforts to spread the green economy agenda and to contribute to the international community’s cooperation toward a green economy. Established in 2012 as an international organization, the Global Green Growth Institute (GGGI) expanded its membership to 32 states with the accession of the Democratic Republic of Burkina Faso in April 2019. GGGI is now assisting more than 33 developing countries in addressing climate change, establishing and implementing green growth strategies and capacity building. GGGI strengthened its recognition as an international organization when it was granted Official Development Assistance (ODA) eligibility status by the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development - Development Assistance Committee (OECD-DAC) in June 2013 and received United Nations General Assembly observer status in December 2013. Furthermore, GGGI heightened its competitiveness by qualifying as a Public International Organization (PIO) eligible for the United States Agency for International Development (USAID) financing opportunities and was awarded A+ rating by the UK’s Department for International Development (DFID) in its Annual Review.
The Korean government actively engaged in GGGI meetings and consultations with the Secretariat as well as member states to support GGGI’s efforts to improve its project implementation and governance. As Vice-chair of the Assembly and the Council of GGGI and Audit Contact Point, Korea made constructive efforts towards GGGI’s efficient decision- making and transparent organizational management. Meanwhile, the Korean government will continue to support GGGI so that it may become an even more competitive international organization leading global green growth.
Partnering for Green Growth and the Global Goals 2030(P4G)
P4G is a global initiative launched by Denmark on the occasion of the United Nations General Assembly in September 2017 in order to promote private-public partnerships in 5 key areas(water, energy, circular economy, cities, food and agriculture) for green economy to achieve sustainable development goals (SDGs) and to accelerate the implementation of the Paris Agreement. Currently, country partners (Korea, Denmark, the Netherlands, Mexico, Vietnam, Ethiopia, Chile, Kenya, Columbia), international organizations (C40, GGGI, WEF, WRI, IFC, etc.), private companies and civil society organizations are participating in P4G.
Korean President attended the first P4G Summit in Copenhagen, Denmark in October 2018. In his keynote speech he emphasized international solidarity and inclusiveness to overcome the environment challenges. Also, he urged cooperation among governments, the private sector, civil society, academia and related institutions to achieve SDGs and to implement the Paris Agrement through the Copenhagen Commitment to Action adopted at the Summit. The Korean government is trying to promote public-private partnerships with P4G partner countries, establish a professional network, create business models and disseminate best practices through the P4G National Platform launched in July 2018 on the occasion of the 4th Green Round Table.
Strengthening International Cooperation for Environmental Protection
Global environmental issues cover a wide range of areas including air, ecosystems, ocean, and hazardous waste and chemical substances. More than 160 international conventions are in effect under the UN and OECD.
Korea has acceded to a number of leading international conventions on the protection of the environment and has taken part in the discussion of, and response to, such global environmental issues as the protection of biodiversity and sustainable use of resources and protection of marine ecosystems, international management of chemical and toxic substances through these conventions. In 2017, the Nagoya Protocol on Access to Genetic Resources and the Fair and Equitable Sharing of Benefits Arising from their Utilization was ratified by the National Assembly and came into force on August 17, 2018.
The Republic of Korea actively participated in the discussion of global cooperation on environmental protection and conservation such as the Conference of the Parties of the Basel·Rotterdam·Stockholm Convention (Geneva, in April 2017), UN High Level Political Forum on Sustainable Development Goals (New-York, in July 2018), Asia-Pacific Ministerial Summit on the Environment jointly hosted by UN-ESCAP and UNEP (Bangkok, in September 2018) and the Conference of the Parties to the Convention on Biological Diversity (Sharm El Sheikh, in November 2018). In particular, Korea attended the 4th United Nations Environment Assembly (Nairobi, in March 2019) which was held under the theme “Innovative solutions of environmental challenges and sustainable consumption and production” and shared our continuous efforts to address the environmental challenges while stressing the need for international partnership to tackle urgent issues such as climate change and trans boundary air pollution.
Green Round Table to Enhance Cooperation Among Environment Stakeholders
The Ministry of Foreign Affairs launched the “Green Round Table” in November 2016 to discuss ways to strengthen cooperation and synergies among international organizations and domestic agencies related to green economy. By 2018, four rounds of the Green Round Table were held.
At the fourth Green Round Table held in Seoul on July 27, 2018, Korea’s P4G National Platform was launched to facilitate cooperation and implement partnerships among P4G partner countries. Sessions of the fourth Green Round Table focused on ways to build private-public cooperation and best practices about circular economy and water management, which are key areas of P4G.
Through the Green Round Table, the Ministry of Foreign Affairs will provide the forum for activating cooperation between international organizations specializing in green economy and relevant public-private environment organizations.