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OECD(Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development) The OECD is an international organization of developed countries that accept the principles ofdemocracy and a free market economy. The OECD brings together the govemments of these member nations to (1)support sustainable economic growth, (2)boost employment, (3)raise living standards, (4)maintain financial stability, (5)assist other countries' economic development, and (6) coutribute to growth in world trade.
The OECD, comprised of 35 major countries, is a comprehensive economic organization that deals with such issues as the global economy, developmental support, education, health and environmental protection, etc. It undertakes analyses, provides policy recommendations and formulates regulations within its major areas of activity. Its global outreach program has broadened to include 70 nations outside its membership.
Korea signed the Convention founding the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development on December 12, 1996. The ROK government thereby pledged its full dedication to achieving the Organization's fundamental aims. The benefits of the OECD membership are many. Through its country surveys and comparable statistical and economic data, the OECD provides its member countries with tools to analyze and monitor their economic, social and environmental policies. Countries can access all of the research and analyses conducted by the Secretariat.
In addition to its economic intelligence functions, the OECD is a forum where countries can discuss and share national experience, identify best practices and find solutions to common problems. The OECD has working relationships with over 70 non-member economies, and members benefit from dialogue and consultations with all players on the world scene.
Also, in May 2004, the OECD opened a Regional Center for Competition in Seoul in cooperation with the Korea Fair Trade Commission and the OECD. The Seoul Regional Center for Competition expands the OECD's work on competition in the Asian region and helps the authorities concerned to develop and implement effective competition law and policy in their countries.
In May 2011, in order to provide a practical framework for governments to boost economic growth and protect the environment, the OECD adopted the OECD Green Growth Strategy Synthesis Report. In this process, Korea contributed to improving the report more valuable by sharing the Korea's experience which was acquired through Korea's Green Growth policies.
Country statistical profile: Korea
Korea's Activities within the OECD : 2012
Korea has continuously reinforced its role as a middle power through its active participation in the Ministerial Council Meeting, Russia's accession to the OECD, and enhancement of relations with crucial economic partners, so called 'Key Partners' (China, Indonesia, India, Republic of South Africa, and Brazil).
The Ministerial Council Meeting was held in Paris on May 23-24, 2012, under the theme, "All on Board: Policies for Inclusive Growth and Jobs", reflecting the focus on economic growth and employment around the world. In addition, the meeting adopted the "OECD Strategy on Development" including future OECD strategies. Korea contributed to building the development strategy as a co-chair of the special working group in the OECD development strategy. Bark Tae-ho, Minister for Trade, participated in the meeting as a chief delegate and expressed a plan to invest US$800 thousand in the "East Asia Green Growth strategic project" in an effort to implement the OECD development strategy.
On the other hand, OECD member countries not only made progress on Russia's accession to the OECD through twenty-two commissions, but also discussed ways to engage Key Partners such as China and Indonesia. While holding interagency meetings with regard to Russia's accession to the OECD, the Korean government collected views from the private sector including companies conducting business in Russia. In addition, Korea strengthened diplomatic activities to enhance China's status to the OECD by holding three meetings to enhance cooperation with China in 2012(March, July and November) as chair of the Informal Reflection Group of China.
In addition, Korea implemented follow-up measures of the Phase 3 evaluation on Korea of the OECD Anti-bribery Convention (Convention on Combating Bribery of Foreign Public Officials in International Business Transactions). The Korean government reviewed its progress in the OECD recommendations through consultations among relevant government agencies including the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Trade, Ministry of Justice, Anti-corruption & Civil Rights Commission and National Tax Service. Korea reported its measures for implementation of the recommendations to the Working Group on Anti-bribery of the OECD in October. Korea has served as a role model by implementing the Anti-bribery Convention of the OECD as well as participating in the G20 Anti-corruption Working Group.
Korea's Activity within the OECD : 2013
The OECD (Organization of Economic Cooperation and Development), an international organization established in 1961 with the goal of enhancing global economic development and stability, has been making efforts to promote economic growth and international trade though policy coordination and cooperation among the OECD member countries.
Korea has been an active participant in the work of the OECD since its accession in 1996. It continued to reinforce its role as a middle power in 2013, participating in the Ministerial Council Meeting (MCM) as well as in discussions most notably on strengthening relations between the OECD and major emerging non-OECD countries including Southeast Asian nations, on the new accession of Colombia and Latvia, and on the follow-up measures for the implementation of the Convention on Combating Bribery of Foreign Public Officials in International Business Transactions.
The annual meeting of the Ministerial Council, the highest decision-making body of the OECD, was held in Paris on May 29-30, 2013 under the theme "Jobs, Equality, and Trust". As head of the Korean delegation, Deputy Prime Minister Hyun Oh-seok actively introduced the Korean government’s economic policies such as the "Creative Economy" policy which aims to secure a momentum for economic growth and the creation of jobs.
In addition, Mr. Cho Tae-yul, Deputy Minister of the ROK Ministry of Foreign Affairs, also shared Korea's experience of economic development and suggested aid policy based on this experience, emphasizing that the policy should be compatible with the capacity of developing countries. He also highlighted the need to strengthen the OECD’s outreach to Southeast Asia through a regional program and expressed Korea's willingness to actively support the OECD's effort in this regard.
Meanwhile, regarding new accession countries to the OECD, the Ministers at the 2013 MCM decided to open accession discussions within one month with Colombia and six months with Latvia, and agreed to in due course consider opening accession discussions with Costa Rica and Lithuania in 2015. Korea presented its position that new accession discussions should be carried out by taking into account the balance between the efficiency and representation of the organization. Korea will continue to utilize and consider policy discussions conducted within the OECD in advancing Korea’s policy and institution, and strengthen its role as a middle power by helping promote the efficiency of the activities and management of the OECD as a global policy network.
Korea's Activity within the OECD : 2014
The Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) is an international organization established in 1961 with the goal of enhancing global economic growth and stability. Its members are making efforts to promote economic growth and international trade through policy coordination and cooperation.
Korea has been an active participant in the work of the OECD since it joined the organization in 1996. Korea reinforced its role in 2014 by participating in the Ministerial Council Meeting (MCM), OECD Southeast Asia Regional Forum, OECD Development Week, and Global Strategy Group Meeting, among many others.
The annual meeting of the Ministerial Council, the highest decision-making body of the OECD, was held in Paris on May 6-7, 2014 under the theme of “Resilient Economies and Inclusive Societies.” During his remarks in the session on international development, Mr. Cho Tae-yul, Vice Minister of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs proposed using the global monitoring system of the Global Partnership for Effective Development Cooperation (also known as the Busan Global Partnership) as an instrument for achieving post-2015 development goals. He also highlighted the need to conduct projects aimed at poverty eradication and sustainable development by drawing on various financial resources. Moreover, he expressed the willingness of the Korean Government to cooperate with the OECD for the success of the OECD’s Southeast Asia Regional Program, which was launched at the Ministerial Council.
Mr. Yoon Sang-jick, Minister of Trade, Industry and Energy, explained the Korean Government’s policy efforts to make full use of global value chains including policies to promote trade and investment liberalization through free trade agreements (FTAs), support capacity-building for small and medium sized enterprises (SMEs) and achieve balanced growth between large companies and SMEs. On the other hand, Mr. Choo Kyung-ho, Vice Minister of the Ministry of Strategy and Finance, attended a session titled “Resilient Economies” and introduced Korea’s economic policies for increasing private investment and creating jobs, such as the 3-year Plan for Economic Innovation and regulatory reforms.
Korea has strengthened its contribution to the OECD’s development discussions through the OECD Southeast Asia Regional Forum and the High-Level Meeting of the Development Center by sharing its experience in advancing institutional transformation after joining the OECD as well as in economic development.
Korea will continue to strengthen its role as a middle power by utilizing the discussions at the OECD in advancing institutional transformation and policies, sharing Korea’s development experience with developing countries and supporting the OECD’s activities as a global policy network.
Korea's Activity within the OECD : 2015
The Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development, an intergovernmental organization established in 1961 with the goal of enhancing global economic growth and stability, has worked for economic growth and expansion of trade through policy coordination and cooperation among member countries. Since its accession to the OECD in 1996, Korea has actively participated in the OECD’s work. In 2015, it continued its contribution to the Organization by participating in the 2015 OECD Ministerial Council Meeting and the third meeting of the OECD Global Strategy Group.
The Ministerial Council Meeting, the highest decision-making body of the OECD, was held in Paris on June 3-4, 2015 under the theme of ‘Unlocking Investment for Sustainable Growth and Jobs.’The Korean delegation headed by Deputy Prime Minister, Choi Kyunghwan, enriched discussions in the Meeting by presenting the Korean government policies regarding economic innovation, climate change and green growth, and liberalization of trade and investment. It expressed its will to participate in international discussions and to cooperate with the OECD.
In a high-level panel discussion themed “Structural Reforms to Promote investment,’Deputy Prime Minister, Choi Kyunghwan, urged member countries to share same understanding of the current economic situation and called on the OECD to suggest an solution for orderly normalization of quantitive easing. The Deputy Prime Minister chaired in a breakout group of a session about ‘Investment’ and introduced the Korean government’s efforts to raise investment such as regulatory reforms and programme to boost business investment, he also introduced creative economy that Korea has pursued to find a new growth strategy.
In a session regarding “Development,” Vice Minister of Foreign Affairs, Cho Tae-yul, suggested the OECD’s role in implementing the Post-2015 development agenda that drew many member countries agreement and expressed Korea’s will to actively cooperate with the OECD to achieve two goals ? national implementation of the Post-2015 development agenda and development in underdeveloped countries. In addition, in a session about ‘Low-Carbon Economy’ he introduced the Korean government’s policies for transition to low-carbon economy such as Five-year plan for Green Growth and nation-wide emissions trading system along with putting an emphasis on the importance and role of the Green Climate Fund under a new international climate system.
Vice Minister of Trade, Industry and Energy, Moon Jaedo, introduced the Korean government’s efforts to improve payment, customs clearance, and distribution in e-commerce system and highlighted the need of adequate protection of personal information as well as cross-border information exchange to promote e-commerce.
Korea’s G20 Sherpa Lee Hye-min attended at the third meeting of the OECD Global Strategy Group, which was held in Paris on 1-2 December, 2015 and actively participated to discussions on the role of the OECD in a changing international society; global economic cooperation in trade and investment; and the OECD’s contribution to development agenda.
Korea will continue to strengthen its role as a responsible middle power by utilizing discussions in OECD for advancing our institutions and policies, and supporting the efficiency of the activities and the management of the OECD as a global policy network.
Korea's Activity within the OECD : 2016
The Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD), an intergovernmental organization established in 1961 with the goal of enhancing global economic growth and stability, has worked for economic growth and expansion of trade through policy coordination and cooperation among member countries.
Since its accession to the OECD in 1996, the Republic of Korea has led discussions on key global economic issues, e.g., IT, science and technology, development, and etc., within the OECD, actively participating in its main work such as the OECD Ministerial Council, Trade Committee, Investment Committee and Global Strategy Group.
At the outset, 2016 was a meaningful year for Korea since it marked the 20th anniversary of Korea’s membership in the OECD. Korea organized two important OECD events in Seoul and Paris in October and June, respectively. In particular, the Seoul Seminar, held by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, was timed to coincide with the date that Korea signed the agreement on accession to the Organisation, which was October 25, 1996. This special event was indeed successful with the participation of high-level figures including Lim Sung-nam, 1st Vice Minister of Foreign Affairs; and Angel Gurria, Secretary-General of the OECD; and more than 200 other participants from governments, the OECD, embassies in Korea, economic and academic community, and media. Participants revisited the 20 years of collaboration between Korea and OECD and discussed ways to deepen their working relationship in addressing domestic and global challenges. The Seoul Seminar was a good chance to reaffirm Korea’s stature as a full-fledged member of the OECD and improve interest and understanding about Korea’s OECD diplomacy in Korea and beyond.
In addition, President Park Geun-Hye and other Korean top-ranked figures such as Lee Joon-sik, Deputy Prime Minister and Minister of Education, and Yun Byoung-se, Minister of Foreign Affairs, met the OECD Secretary-General to exchange views on diverse issues. They discussed how Korea and OECD could enhance cooperation in sectors of creative economy, structural reform, tax, education, and implementation of SDGs.
Meanwhile, the Ministerial Council Meeting, the premier decision-making body of the OECD, was held in Paris on June 1 - 2, 2016 under the theme of “Enhancing Productivity for Inclusive Growth.” The Republic of Korea was represented by Yoo Ilho, Deputy Prime Minister and Minister of Strategic and Finance; Lee Taeho, Deputy Minister of Foreign Affairs; and others. Deputy Prime Minister Yoo, as a panelist, presented at the high-level panel discussion themed “a New Agenda for Growth” and focused on the Korean government’s efforts for structural reform in four main areas and the mitigation of job mismatch. At the “Universal Agenda on Inclusive and Sustainable Development” session, Deputy Minister of Foreign Affairs Lee suggested three points regarding the OECD’s contribution to the implementation of the SDGs: enhancing the OECD’s role as a platform to link relevant development agencies, expanding assistance for the developing countries toward in achieving SDGs, and using the OECD’s expertise on statistics for the development of the SDGs Global Indicator Framework.
The fourth meeting of the OECD Global Strategy Group took place in Paris on November 1 - 2 under the theme of “Fixing Globalization.” The OECD Global Strategy Group has served as a high-level forum for discussions on global and strategic issues. In 2016, participants had a chance to discuss how the international community, including the OECD, can address the wide-spread anti-globalization sentiment . The Korean government was headed by Korea’s G20 Sherpa Lee Hye-min in this meeting. The G20 Sherpa, as chair of a breakout session themed “Opportunities of Digitalization,” led discussion and provided the following suggestions to build enabling environments for a digital economy: adhering to an open economy, developing digital capacity, reducing the information gap, and strengthening the social safety net. Lee also expressed his views on how the OECD should contribute to the implementation and effective monitoring of the Paris Agreement and to the effective implementation of a series of G20 agreements.
The Korean government will continue to actively participate in establishing the global rules and standards to be initiated by the OECD on international economy. Korea, a responsible full-fledged member of the OECD, will also reinforce its diplomatic position by playing a leading role in boosting the standing of Asian countries in the OECD and building diplomatic bridges between middle powers such as through MIKTA.