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UNESCO

UNESCO

Overview

The United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization(hereinafter referred to as “UNESCO”) was founded on November 16, 1945 as a specialized agency of the United Nations. UNESCO seeks to promote international peace and the common welfare of mankind through international cooperation in Education, the Sciences and Culture. The Organization aims to establish international standards, to share knowledge and information, and to promote international cooperation. As of 2019, UNESCO has 193 Member States and 11 Associate Members.

Objectives and Functions
  1. 1. "Objectives"
    • Promoting international cooperation through education, science and culture
    • Improving general respect for justice, rules of law, human rights as well as fundamental freedoms
    • Contributing to peace and security
  2. 2. "Functions"
    • (Laboratory of Ideas) Fostering the free flow of ideas in support of the adoption of strategies and policies related to main issues of the future
    • (Standard-Setter) Identification of main ethical, normative, intellectual issues and establishing regulations
    • (Clearing House) Collection and distribution of information, knowledge, and precedent; construction and and testing of innovative projects
    • (Capacity-builder in Member States) Reinforcement of intellectual and institutional capability of Member States
    • (Catalyst for international cooperation) Playing a catalyst role for cooperation and development
Korea-UNESCO Relationship
  1. 1. "History"
    • The Republic of Korea joined UNESCO on June 14, 1950.
    • The Korean National Commission for UNESCO was established on January 30, 1954.
    • “Act on UNESCO Activities” was legislated and proclaimed on April 27, 1963.
  2. 2. "Korea’s Participation in UNESCO’s Intergovernmental Governing Bodies"
    • 1) Executive Board (2019-2023)
    • 2) Intergovernmental Coordinating Council of the Man and Biosphere Programme (MAB-ICC, 2019-2023)
    • 3) Intergovernmental Bioethics Committee (IGBC, 2019-2023)
    • 4) Intergovernmental Council for the Information for All Programme (IFAP, 2019-2023)
    • 5) Legal Committee for the 41st session of the General Conference (2019-2021)
    • 6) the Executive Council of the Intergovernmental Oceanographic Committee (IOC, 2019-2021)
    • 7) Intergovernmental Committee for Promoting the Return of Cultural Property to its Countries of Origin of its Restitution in Case of Illicit Appropriation (ICPRCP, 2017-2021)
    • 8) Intergovernmental Council for the International Hydrological Programme (IHP, 2017-2021)
    • 9) Intergovernmental Committee for the Protection and Promotion of the Diversity of Cultural Expressions (2017-2021)
    • 10) Subsidiary Committee of the meeting of States Parties to the 1970 convention on the Means of prohibiting and Preventing the Illicit Import, Export and Transfer of Ownership of Cultural Property (2017-2021)
    • 11) Headquarter Committee (2017-2021)


  3. 3. "Current Status of ROK’s Participation in diverse programmes and activities of UNESCO"
    • 1) World Cultural and Natural Heritage Sites: 14
      • Seowon, Korean Neo-Confucian Academies (2019)
      • Sansa, Buddhist Mountain Monasteries in Korea (2018)
      • Baekje Historic Areas (2015)
      • Namhansanseong (2014)
      • Historic Villages of Korea: Hahoe and Yangdong (2010)
      • Royal Tombs of the Joseon Dynasty (2009)
      • Jeju Volcanic Island and Lava Tubes (2007)
      • Gochang, Hwasun, and Ganghwa Dolmen Sites (2000)
      • Gyeongju Historic Areas (2000)
      • Hwaseong Fortress (1997)
      • Changdeokgung Palace Complex (1997)
      • Haeinsa Temple Janggyeong Panjeon, the Depositories for the Tripitaka Koreana Woodblocks (1995)
      • Jongmyo Shrine (1995)
      • Seokguram Grotto and Bulguksa (1995)
    • 2) Inscriptions on Representative List of Intangible Cultural Heritage of Humanity: 20
      • Traditional Korean Wrestling (SSirum/SSireum) (2018)
      • Culture of Jeju Haenyeo (2016)
      • Tugging rituals and games (2015)
      • Nongak, community band music, dance and rituals in the Republic of Korea (2014)
      • Kimjang, making and sharing kimchi in the Republic of Korea (2013)
      • Arirang, lyrical folk song in the Republic of Korea (2012)
      • Weaving of Mosi (fine ramie) in the Hansan region (2011)
      • Taekkyeon, a traditional Korean martial art (2011)
      • Jultagi, tightrope walking (2011)
      • Falconry, a living human heritage (2010)
      • Daemokjang, traditional wooden architecture (2010)
      • Gagok, lyric song cycles accompanied by an orchestra (2010)
      • Cheoyongmu (2009)
      • Jeju Chilmeoridang Yeongdeunggut (2009)
      • Yeongsanjae (2009)
      • Namsadang Nori (2009)
      • Ganggangsullae (2009)
      • Gangneung Danoje Festival (2005)
      • The Pansori Epic Chant (2003)
      • Royal Ancestral Ritual in the Jongmyo Shrine and its Music (2001)
    • 3) Inscriptions on Memory of the World Register: 16
      • Documents on Joseon Tongsinsa/Chosen Tsushinshi(Korean Embassies): The History of Peace Building and Cultural Exchanges between Korea and Japan from the 17th to 19th Century (2017)
      • The Archives of the National Debt Redemption Movement (2017)
      • Royal Seal and Investiture Book Collection of the Joseon Dynasty (2017)
      • The Archives of the KBS Special Live Broadcast “Finding Dispersed Families” (2015)
      • Confucian Printing Woodblocks (2015)
      • Archives of Saemaul Undong (New Community Movement) (2013)
      • Nanjung Ilgi: War Diary of Admiral Yi sun-sin (2013)
      • Human Rights Documentary Heritage 1980 Archives for the May 18th Democratic Uprising against Military Regime, in Gwangju, Republic of Korea (2011)
      • Ilseongnok: Records of Daily Reflections (2011)
      • Donguibogam: Principles and Practice of Eastern Medicine (2009)
      • Printing woodblocks of the Tripitaka Koreana and miscellaneous Buddhist scriptures (2007)
      • Uigwe: The Royal Protocols of the Joseon Dynasty (2007)
      • Seungjeongwon Ilgi, the Diaries of the Royal Secretariat (2001)
      • Baegun hwasang chorok buljo jikji simche yojeol (vol.II), the second volume of “Anthrology of Great Buddhist Priests’ Zen Teachings” (2001)
      • The Annals of the Choson Dynasty (1997)
      • The Hunmin Chongum Manuscript (1997)
    • 4) Designations of MAB Biosphere Reserve: 8
      • Yeoncheon Imjin River (2019)
      • Gangwon Eco-Peace (2019)
      • Suncheon (2018)
      • Gochang (2013)
      • Gwangneung Forest (2010)
      • Shinan Dadohae (2009)
      • Mount Halla (2002)
      • Mount Sorak (1982)
    • 5) Global Geoparks: 2
      • Cheongdo Geopark (2017)
      • Jeju Geopark (2010)
    • 6) Cities appointed to the UNESCO Creative Cities Network: 10
      • Wonju: Literature (2019)
      • Jinju: Crafts and Folk Art (2019)
      • Daegu: Music (2017)
      • Bucheon: Literature (2017)
      • Tongyeong: Music (2015)
      • Gwangju: Media Arts (2014)
      • Busan: Film (2014)
      • Jeonju: Gastronomy (2012)
      • Seoul: Design (2010)
      • Incheon: Crafts and Folk Art (2010)